Jozef Archibald Kohleschmied


Prime Minister of Switzerland
28 October 1739 - 16 May 1746

29 May 1746 - 27 September 1746

31 January 1749 - 26 January 1750

18 March 1750 – Present

Predecessor: Tylar Kroshbon
Successor: Nathaniel Huntington/Blau Wolfe/Jon Kroshbon
Monarch: William II/Alexander I

Duke of Zurich
5 August 1738 – present

Predecessor: Tyler Kroshbon
Successor: Wilhelm Kohleschmied

Leader of the Swiss People's Party
16 September 1739 – present

Predecessor: Party Established

President of New Switzerland
9 July 1736 – 29 July 1737

Predecessor: Position Established
Successor: Position Abolished

Chief Advisor to the King
28 October 1739 - 23 March 1742

26 September 1749 – Present

Predecessor: Tyler Kroshbon/Josef Grau
Successor: Blau Wolfe XIII

Personal Details

Born: 8 January 1698

Winterthur, Kanton Zürich, Switzerland

Nationality: Swiss
Political party: Swiss Peoples Party (SPP)
Spouse: Charlotte Andrea (m. 1720)
Children: Wilhelm Markus {b. 1721) Friedhelm Sebastian (b. 1725) Greta Annett (b. 1727)
Alma mater: University of Vienna
Profession: Statesman, Diplomat, Revolutionary
Religion: Roman Catholicism
Jozef Archibald Kohleschmied (b. 8 January 1698) also known as Joseph Coalsmythe, is a Swiss statesman and diplomat who is most famous for his time as Prime Minister of Switzerland (28 October 1739 - 16 May 1746, 29 May 1746 - 27 September 1746). He is the longest serving Prime Minister in the history of Switzerland, and one of the founding members of the Swiss Trading Company.

Beginnnings/Early life (1698 - 1720)Edit

Childhood (1698 - 1716)Edit

Jozef was born on January 8th, 1698 to humble beginnings in the Swiss city of Winterthur. His father, a veteran of the 9 Years War turned diplomat, raised Jozef by himself as his mother died when he was still a young at a young age.

A childhood portrait of Jozef

As a young boy Jozef, being the son of a widowed diplomat, made frequent trips to various cities in Europe while his father was working for the Swiss government on diplomatic missions. By the time he was 16 years old he was already fluent in German, Italian, French, and English. At 18 Jozef travelled to Austria to study law at the University of Vienna. While he was away, the then Swiss king, Matthias I, summoned his father to Bern to inform him of a new diplomatic mission he was to ontake. While en route to his destination, he was ambushed and killed by a group of marauders. Grief stricken, Jozef did not return home, instead opting to volunteer for the Austrian army in hope of somehow honouring his Father's military past.

Service in the Austrian Army (1716 -1719)Edit

His first taste of battle came at the Battle of Peterwardein on August 5th, 1716, when the 91,000 strong Habsburg army under the command of Prinz Eugen von Savoyen faced off against the 150,000 strong Ottoman army lead by Grand Vizier Damat Ali Pasha on the north bank of the Danube. The next year Jozef once again followed the Prinz in a new campagin to capture the city of Belgrade, and after a month long siege, the city had fallen. Celebrations were short lived, however, as only six days later Spanish troops invaded the island of Sicily. The initial Austrian reaction to the invasion was limited, as the Supreme Austrian Commander Prinz Eugen von Savoyen wanted to avoid a major war in Italy as long as the war with the Turks continued. With the Austrian army in garrison for the time being, Jozef took a leave of absense from the military to travel back to Zürich to collect his inheritence which included his Father's entire estate, as Jozef was his only child. The peace was shortlasted, however, as with the signing of the Treaty of Passarowitz in 1718, the Habsburg Empire made peace with the Ottoman Empire and began to mobilize their army for a campaign to retake Sicily.

Jozef's final military action took place at the Batlle of Francavilla in 1719, when his right leg was severed below the knee by a Spanish cannonball. His leg was lost, but he survived the wounds and was honourably discharged from service.

Mid-life (1720 - 1737)Edit

Entrance into Swiss Politics (1737 - 1739)Edit

Swiss RevolutionEdit

Pardon & DukedomEdit

With his dreams of a political revolution destroyed, Jozef fled the country. All his assets and property were siezed and sold by the Swiss government while he drifted around Europe. It wasn't until the former Prime Minister, Tyler Kroshbon, acsended to the Swiss throne and offered him a royal pardon did he return to his homeland. He was brought to Bern by a Swiss caravan, where he was summoned by the King for private meeting. Jozef was suspicious, but he decided it would be best to oblige.

Upon reaching the King's palace he was greated by two members of the Kingsguard (the King's royal bodyguard), and taken inside. From there he was taken by the King's royal seward to the throne room, and the two were then left alone.

1739 Elections & First Term (1739 - 1746)Edit

Blau's Rebellion, Absense, and Reinstatement as PM (1746 - 1747)Edit

Death of William II & Dismissal as PM (1747 - 1749)Edit

1749 Elections, Return to Switzerland, and War (1749 - Present)Edit

1749 ElectionsEdit

Swiss ExpansionEdit

War of the Sardinian SuccessionEdit

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